|Old Dominion Steamship Company. Source: Library of Congress.|
I grew up thinking my maternal grandparents, and their parents had never lived anywhere else other than North Carolina. I made this false assumption simply because I never asked and they never talked about living anywhere else. So you can imagine my surprise when, well into my adulthood, my grandmother, Kate Irene Russell, shared a story about briefly living in New Mexico when her husband was stationed there in the U.S. Army. I can't remember how the topic came up, but I was amazed I had never heard of this time in her life.
|James Hampton Russell and his daughter, Kate|
I was well into my 40s when I learned that her father, James Hampton "Daddy Hamp" Russell, had lived in Virginia in 1917, and was employed by the Old Dominion Steamship Company based in Newport News. The information is on his World War I draft card.
My mother and her oldest brother had no idea, however, my uncle did say he recalled hearing that Daddy Hamp had taken etiquette classes at one of the historically black colleges either in Charlotte or in Concord, N.C. That makes sense as the classes would have provided the proper training for a crew member on an elegant steamship offering trips to New York, Richmond, Boston, Baltimore, and Philadelphia.
Again, I have so many questions. What kind of work did he do? Who were his friends?
The draft card was stamped June 5, 1917. He was a newlywed. Just two weeks earlier Daddy Hamp had married my great-grandmother, Margaret Lytle, on May 23, in North Carolina.
Did she go with him?
I may never know the answers, but I will keep researching, looking for clues, and imagining what my ancestors may have experienced on their journeys far from their Carolina homes.
|World War I draft card for James Hampton Russell (1891-1966). Registration State: Virginia; Registration County: Warwick. Source: National Archives and Records Administration/Ancestry.com|
Ballins Dampfer Welt. S.S. Madison - Old Dominion Line - New York - Interior. [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/usvHCep-q6U
- Bay, M. (2021). Jim Crow journeys: An excerpt from Traveling Black. Southern Spaces. https://southernspaces.org/2021/jim-crow-journeys-excerpt-traveling-black/
- Howard, P. (2014). Steamships & Ocracoke. Village Craftsmen. https://www.villagecraftsmen.com/tag/old-dominion-steamship-company/
- The new Steamship Monroe of the Old Dominion Line. (1903, Apr 18). The Cambridge Chronicle. https://cambridge.dlconsulting.com/cgi-bin/cambridge?a=d&d=Chronicle19030418-01.2.124&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN-------
- A new steamship; description of the Seneca of the Old Dominion Line. (1884, Dec. 3). The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1884/12/03/archives/a-new-steamship-description-of-the-seneca-of-the-old-dominion-line.html
- Old Dominion Line: Along the historic James River. (1902). Old Dominion Steamboat Company.
- Old Dominions Steamship Company. (n.d.). Library of Congress. https://www.loc.gov/item/2004666887/
- Palmer, A. (2016). This segregated railway car offers a visceral reminder of the Jim Crow era. Smithsonian Magazine. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/segregated-railway-car-offers-visceral-reminder-jim-crow-era-180959383/
- Segregation of railroad cars. (n.d.). The History Engine. University of Richmond. https://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3273
- Strikebreakers at Norfolk. (1916, May 29). The Greensboro Daily News.
- Strikebreakers from Hopewell go to Norfolk: Five hundred men take place of striking longshoremen. (1916, May 29). The Asheville Citizen-Times.
29 May 1916, Mon Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, North Carolina) Newspapers.com